Common Plants of Maldives
Over the past century, island biodiversity across the globe has been subjected to extreme pressure due to habitat change, over-exploitation, invasion by alien species and more importantly climate change and pollution. It is common knowledge that small island countries are ecologically fragile and are more vulnerable to such challenges. Maldives is no exception to this. Natural habitats and biodiversity of most tropical islands are increasingly impacted by cyclones, storms and hurricanes associated with climate change. Recent estimates show that of the 724 animal extinctions recorded worldwide in the last 400 years, about half were island species (UN, 2014). However, such global estimates on plant species are not available for want of data. Th is indicates that basic information on the fl ora and fauna of an area is mandatory to evaluate species losses due to environmental challenges and to mitigate damages due to future threats.