Country Analysis Paper : Maldives
A waste management system is efficient when it accurately correlated to population density, industrial and commercial activities with the respect to geospatial characteristics. The environment is being placed under pressure from a growing population, changing lifestyle and improvements in living standards. Waste are being generating in ever growing volumes. Without adequate treatment and disposal provision for wastes, the risk of polluting the environment is becoming ever greater. It has been recognized that the one of the main causal factor to the devastation of land in the Maldives is the inadequate management of wastes. Maldives being a small islands country, which islands are separated each other by either a lagoon or sea, waste disposal practices in Maldives vary among islands depending on access to disposal facilities, local custom and government/municipal interventions. Dig a hole and bury it, collect and dump in deep sea or collect and burn it have been practiced as the most cost effect methods of waste disposal. As a result, land degradation, coastal erosion and marine pollution are some major impacts occurred. Challenges to human health and safety are equally important. In this respect, new approaches for waste management are now a priority to the country and hence been/being discussed in various platforms across the country, from the top level ministerial discussions to most common individual discussion.