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Environment & Social Due Diligence of : Wetland Conservation & Coral Reef Monitoring Project Final Report

Ratings for the Wetland Conservation and Coral Reef Monitoring for Adaptation to Climate Change Project for Maldives were as follows: outcomes were moderately unsatisfactory, the risk to development outcome was high, the Bank performance was moderately satisfactory, and the Borrower performance was also moderately satisfactory. Some lessons learned included: the fusion of independent ideas, as the two components of the project were originally conceived, into a single project needs careful monitoring and adequate resources for supporting each one. For successful private sector participation in development projects, their expectations should be carefully assessed during design of the project and the assessed expectations should be met during implementation. Resorts were chosen to collect data for the coral reef monitoring framework since they were deemed to have a big stake in a healthy coral reef. Solid science did not translate easily into good project outcomes. Since output of the coral database does not provide any feedback to the participating resort’s management on its house reef which they could use to gain advantage, for example by comparing the health of reefs nearby or improvements in the same reef over time, they did not devote sufficient resources to the exercise. Given the highly technical nature of the coral reef monitoring protocols, refresher courses should have been built into the training program. A one-time training of just 1-2 days was not sufficient for all participants to become proficient in using the coral reef protocols on their own. Similarly, the climate change training given to local councils was just a half a day event. Part-time component coordinators drawn from government staff is a good response to lack of qualified personnel in the country, but clarity that project work will be given priority is needed.