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What Works in Conservation

This book provides a quick reference guide to the latest and most relevant scientific studies into many different types of conservation management techniques and interventions. It aims not to make recommendations but to assist land managers and conservationists to make informed decisions about conservation policy or management decisions. […] This book successfully collates the pros and cons of a wide range of conservation techniques based on available scientific evidence.
—Chris Gregory, BTO News: 318
Is leaving headlands in fields unsprayed beneficial for wildlife?
Is paying farmers to cover the costs of bird conservation measures effective?
Is using prescribed fire beneficial for young trees in forests?
Does translocating frogs benefit wild populations?
Is providing artificial roost structures for bats beneficial?

What Works in Conservation has been created to provide practitioners with answers to these and many other questions about practical conservation. This book provides an assessment of the effectiveness of 763 conservation interventions based on summarized scientific evidence. Chapters cover the practical global conservation of amphibians, bats, birds and forests, conservation of European farmland biodiversity and some aspects of enhancing natural pest control, enhancing soil fertility and control of freshwater invasive species. It contains key results from the summarized evidence for each conservation intervention and an assessment of the effectiveness of each by international expert panels. The accompanying website describes each of the studies individually, and provides full references.

This is the second edition of What Works in Conservation, which is revised on an annual basis. It will also available online as a free-to-download PDF at
Arcadia, Synchronicity Earth, ESRC, NERC, Natural England and Waitrose Ltd have generously contributed towards the publication of this volume.




open book publishers


Cambridge, UK